Gonna give a tricky answer for a tricky question.
Breath of the Wild's Hyrule Castle really made me feel things. Of all the Hyrule Castles, it's the most memorable to me now. Exploring it was the highlight of my first playthrough of BotW. It was a very emotional way of taking in the scars of the Calamity and I wish more of BotW showed this. But. I think BotW's version of Hyrule Castle is made more effective from the groundwork set by A Link to the Past and Twilight Princess's versions of it, at least for me. Being familiar with the building and having some sentimental value with it, makes its condition in BotW far more impactful.
A Link to the Past was my first exposure to Hyrule Castle and getting to explore it, and was what I pictured of Hyrule Castle for a very long time. Twilight Princess was somber, and quite literally a 3D rendition of A Link to the Pasts in its general structure--having to go through sewers, going to the roof... in the rain. As my first 3D exposure to Hyrule Castle, it calling back to my only other impression of Hyrule Castle was both a comfort and a dream.
So, I need the familiarity, A Link to the Past and Twilight Princess are both familiar, for the effectiveness of Breath of the Wild to completely rip it away from me and make it hurt in a good way. *finger guns*